What is DACA and Its Purpose: Is DACA illegal?

On September 13, 2023, a federal judge made a ruling declaring a revised federal policy illegal. This particular policy had been designed to prevent the deportation of thousands of immigrants who came to the United States as children.

The decision was handed down by U.S. District Court Judge Andrew Hanen, based in Texas. This ruling represents a significant setback for the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) program, impacting not only its 579,000 enrollees but also numerous other immigrants who were anticipating approval under its provisions.

DACA, short for Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals, has been a notable immigration policy in the United States, drawing both support and controversy. It was established in 2012 during the Obama administration to address the unique challenges faced by undocumented immigrants who arrived in the U.S. as minors.

This article aims to delve into the intricacies of DACA, its underlying purpose, and the profound influence it has exerted on the lives of countless young immigrants.

What is DACA?

DACA, formally known as Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals, is a policy designed to provide temporary legal protection to specific undocumented immigrants who arrived in the United States as children. To qualify for DACA, individuals must meet stringent criteria that involve factors such as age, continuous residency, and participation in education or military service.

Upon approval, recipients of DACA, often referred to as “Dreamers,” are granted a two-year reprieve from deportation and are authorized to obtain work permits.

The Purpose of DACA

DACA’s primary objective is to offer relief to young undocumented immigrants who have spent a substantial portion of their lives in the United States. These individuals often grapple with the dilemma of residing in a country they consider home but without legal status. DACA aims to temporarily shield them from deportation, granting them the opportunity to work legally, pursue education, and make positive contributions to American society.

DACA Eligibility Criteria

To qualify for DACA, applicants must meet several rigorous prerequisites. These requirements include arriving in the United States before the age of 16, continuous residence since June 15, 2007, and being under the age of 31 as of June 15, 2012. Additionally, applicants must maintain a clean criminal record and be either enrolled in school, graduates, or military service participants. Fulfilling these criteria demonstrates a strong connection to the United States and a commitment to personal development.

The Application Process

Applying for DACA entails a meticulous process that involves document collection, form completion, and fee payment. The most crucial document is the DACA request form (Form I-821D), which must be submitted alongside supporting evidence. Applicants are also subject to biometric fingerprinting and background checks. If granted, they receive a work permit, enabling them to legally seek employment within the United States.

Impact on Dreamers

DACA has had a profound impact on the lives of Dreamers. It has provided them with a sense of stability, enabling pursuit of higher education, access to better job opportunities, and active contributions to their communities. Many DACA recipients have excelled academically and professionally, becoming integral members of American society. Nonetheless, the program’s temporary nature has also instilled uncertainty and anxiety, as recipients live with the constant fear of policy changes that could jeopardize their status.

Is DACA Legal?

Since its inception, DACA has remained a contentious subject in both political and legal arenas. Critics argue that it represents an overreach of executive authority and encourages illegal immigration. In contrast, proponents emphasize its humanitarian aspect, asserting that it serves as a lifeline for individuals who have grown up in the U.S. Legal battles have resulted in fluctuations in the program’s status, leading to ongoing uncertainty for Dreamers.


In conclusion, DACA, or Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals, fulfills a vital role in providing temporary relief to undocumented immigrants who arrived in the U.S. as children. It affords them the opportunity to work legally, pursue education, and contribute to American society. Nevertheless, the program has faced substantial challenges and controversies, leaving its future in a state of uncertainty. As discussions regarding immigration policy persist, it remains crucial to consider the profound impact of DACA on the lives of Dreamers and the values it represents within the United States.

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My self Namrata Maurya. I’m an Author and Founder of Youthinfohindi.com. I’m from Pune and If I talk about my Education then I’m B.com Graduate and complete my MBA (Finance & Accounts). I love to share my experience and knowledge to others, that’s why I’m here.

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